Ball Valves, Ball Cock, Float Operating valve “what ever there called

I’ve heard all sorts of names for these water valves for example, Ball Valves and Ball Cocks, but the correct name for these are Float Operating Valves. In my experience as a Plumber, there only use to be about four types of Ball Cocks but now these Float Operating Valves are in there hundreds!

In this article we are going to talk about the Ball Valve Diagram, requiring an Emergency Plumber for a tank that is over flowing.  Also the difference between the part 1 Valve and the part 2 Float Operating Valve.  We also have a little about the Torbeck Ball Valve.

Ball Valve Diagram

Ball Valves Diagram

Float Operating Valve Diagram

Some people think they are simple little things, but when these first came known, they were known as the great invention!  There is now a way of giving us water when we require it.

In the picture above, you have the most simple diagram  of what is known as Ball Cocks or Ball Valves, the main body, the main washer valve which includes the washer and washer retaining ring.  There is also the Ball Float Arm, Split Pin and the End Cap.  Well all of these play a very important part, the end cap is only for looks, style and to stop a small spray of water.  If your planning to fix a valve all by yourself with no experience then our advice would be to firstly turn of the water, take of the Split Pin which de-attaches the Ball Float Arm, undo the end cap and take out the washer valve, then replace the washer and make sure it goes back in the same way you took it out.  “Simples” if you know what your doing and have the correct Emergency Plumbing Tools.

With most common Ball Valves you will find a White Water Flow Regulator and a Red Water Flow Regulator.   Please keep in mind to use the Red Regulator when there is poor water flow.

How to temporary stop the water flow to Ball Cocks

You’ve just got back from work and the weather is bitterly cold, there’s water pouring through the ceiling and you check the source of the problem.  The overflow is frozen up and there’s water coming over the top of the tank, “How do I stop the water from overflowing in my tank?”  I hear you ask.

To stop a tank from overflowing by temporary stopping the Ball valve from passing water through, all you need to do is put either some kind of wood across the top of the tank, some string and tie it around the arm of the Ball Valve pulling it up tight into the shut off position until it stops passing water then tie it around the wood.

Part 1 Float Operating Valve vs The Part 2 Float Operating Valve

The Part 1 Float Operating Valve as shown in the picture below is the first type of Ball Valves to be used when it come to all types of tanks and Toilet Cisterns.

Part 1 Ball Cocks

Part 1 Float Operating Valves

The type of Valve above is now against regulations to fit on new installations.

The reason this came about is due to people bending the arm in order to get the water to the correct level.  It was found that bending the arm would then weaken the strength which would then result in arm in time to eventually cause the water to rise higher and other flow in the tank.

Some genius then decided to manufacture the bend in the Ball Valves as shown in the picture below which is known as the Part 2 Float Operating Valve.

Part 2 Ball Valve

Part 2 Float Operating Valve

These type of Ball Valves are designed for all the new types of Storage Tanks.  These are normally located in the attic of your home, or in a tank built above the cylinder which is most likely found in the airing cupboard.

Both Part 1 and Part 2 Ball Cocks or Ball Valves can still today be bought over the counter but please be aware that when you bend the Part 1 Valve, you are then breaking regulations as any valve is not manufactured to bend.  So when you take out the Part 2 Valve and if replaced with the Part 1 Valve, you will then automatically break the regulations.  This is because you would have to bend the valve in order to get the correct level of water in the tank.

Early stages of the Torbeck Valve know as the Torbeck Ball Valve

Torbeck Float Operating Ball Valve

Torbeck Ball Valves

This is one of the early stages of the Torbeck Float Operating Ball Valve which can still be found today depending which manufacture you buy a toilet from.  The washer works in a specially designed way where once the air to the valve is closed causing an airlock then the water makes its way around causing the washer to shut off.

“Genius Plumbing”

Since the Torbeck Valve came out, this has been a revelation in the Plumbing industry.  It saves space, which then has gone to help in the designs of toilets today.  Please be aware that since the design age of Toilets, came out, more different manufacturers have been designing them.  Which can mean only one thing! Different design of water valves!

Since the new revelation in Plumbing it is now advisable  to carry a box of all different types of washers, which you can get from your local Plumbing store.

We hope we have answered all your questions regarding Ball Cocks and Ball Valves in this article, but if not then please be free to comment below.


3 Comments so far

  1. Float Valves in Toilets | How to replace the Float Valve on October 15, 2012 8:28 am

    […] valves are know as ball cocks or ball valves. To read more about this please click on the link Ball Cocks. Float on fill valve […]

  2. Flood Protection Valve | The Water Honcho | Saving Water Tips on October 31, 2012 2:00 pm

    […] Water passing Float Operating Valve […]

  3. gaynor jones on March 15, 2013 8:13 pm

    my dad Gwyn Jones was the inventor of this inspired to improve the design because as i baby i would wake up every time the toilet was flushed – i am very proud of him, sadly he died in 1987 at the age of 51

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